[Explained by a Legal Professional] Points to consider when you wish to work in Japan
This post is also available in 日本語
In Vol.7 “Different Types of Status of Residence and its Rules”, we explained that there are 29 types of “status of residence”, and there are “jobs you can do” and “jobs you cannot do”. On this occasion, we will look at the status of residence that allow you to work in Japan and look at some concrete examples.
The following table summarizes the status of residence and the occupation available with that status.
Status of residence with defined job descriptions
|Status of Residence||Examples of applicable employment|
|Diplomat||Ambassadors, Ministers, Consuls general, Delegation member of a foreign government and their families|
|Official||Employee of an embassy or consulate of a foreign government, those dispatched by the United Nations and other official organizations, as well as their family members|
|Professor||College professor etc.|
|Artist||Composer, Artist or writer etc.|
|Religious Activities||Missionary assigned by a foreign religious organization etc.|
|Journalist||Reporter or photographer of foreign press|
|Highly Skilled Professional||Highly skilled resources with 70 points or higher (class 1 and 2)|
*Highly Skilled Professional 1 (3 types)
(a): Research or research instruction, and teaching activities.
(b): Activities that require knowledge or skills in the natural sciences or humanities.
(c): Activities involving the performance of business management or administration in public or private institutions.
*Highly Skilled Professional 2: Activities that allow the holder of the qualification to continue as a highly skilled professional while also engaging in other activities incidental to their activities.
|Business Manager||Manager or administrator of a company|
|Legal/Accounting Services||Attorney or certified public accountant etc.|
|Medical Services||Physician, dentist or registered nurse|
|Researcher||Researcher at a government-related institution or company|
|Instructor||Language instructor at a senior high school or junior high school etc.|
|Engineer/Specialist in Humanities/ International Services||Engineers such as of mechanical engineering, interpreters/translators, designers, language instructors at private companies or marketing specialists, etc.|
|Intra-company Transferee||Transferee from an office abroad|
|Nursing care||Care worker|
|Entertainer||Actors, singers, dancers, professional athletes, etc.|
|Skilled Labor||Chefs of foreign cuisine, sports instructors, pilots or craftsman of precious metals, etc.|
|Specified Skilled Worker||Foreigners engaging in works requiring the proficient skills belonging to a specified industrial field(class 1 and 2)|
[14 Fields]Nursing care, Building cleaning management, Machine Parts and Tooling Industries, Industrial Machinery Industry, Electric, Electronics and Information Industries, Construction Industry, Shipbuilding and Ship Machinery Industry, Automobile Repair and Maintenance, Aviation Industry, Accommodation Industry, Agriculture, Fishery and Aquaculture Industries, Manufacture of Food and Beverages, Food Service Industry
|Technical Intern Training||Technical trainees learning skills at Japanese companies (class 1, 2, and 3)|
|Designated Activities||Working holiday, Domestic staff of a diplomat, or a foreign nurse / care worker candidate under an Economic Partnership Agreement, etc.|
Status of residence procedures
First, find a job, sign an employment contract, and then, if necessary, go through the change of status of residence procedures. The point is to look for a job while making sure that the job matches the conditions of your status of residence.
You start working in Japan, and maybe in a few years pass, you may be transferred or promoted as part of your career advancement. Even if you are working in the same company, the content of your work may change due to relocation or promotion, and you will need to check again that your status of residence is appropriate.
I want to change jobs！
In principle, if a person with the above status of residence changes employers, this must be done within 3 months of termination of his/her previous job (this is 6 months in the case of Highly Skilled Professional 2). You should be aware that your status of residence may be revoked if you do not engage in activities permitted under your status of residence beyond that period without justifiable reason.
In case your employment agreement with your current company is terminated as a result of a change to your job or due to you resigning, or, alternatively if you enter into a contract with a new company, it is necessary to file a “Notification Concerning Affiliated Organization” to the Immigration Bureau within 14 days of such an event. Refer to the website of the Immigration Bureau for more details.
If you change employers as well, you will need to check whether your current status of residence if appropriate for your new job at your new company.
Status of residence without restrictions on work content
If you have a status of residence based on status or status as a “Permanent resident”, “Spouse of Japanese national, etc.”, “Spouse of permanent resident, etc.” or “long-term resident”, you can work with any job type or time without restriction. In principle, you will not need to change your status of residence when finding employment either.
If you work with a permit to engage in activities other than those permitted under your status of residence
Normally, you are not allowed to work if you have a “Student” or “Dependent” status. However, if you obtain a “Permission to engage in activity other than that permitted under the status of residence previously granted”, in principle, it is possible to work for 28 hours a week (for foreign students, 8 hours per day during long school holidays, such as summer holiday) on a part-time basis.
Please note that, in case of foreign students, it is not possible to continue this part-time work after graduating from the school that you were a member of.
Please consult with an administrative scrivener who is an expert on status of residence for more detailed information!
Living in Japan VISA will help companies who want to hire foreign people and foreigners who want to work in Japan by introducing notary publics who are specialized in Residency Status to end up with “worry-free hiring and worry-free job.”
- [Administrative Scrivener Supervision] Change in Status of residence and the Necessary Documents
- How to Write/ “Taishokunegai (Resignation Requests)” and “Taishokutodoke (Resignation Notices)”
- [For Foreign Nationals] Examples of Questions Frequently Asked at Interviews
- Visa Renewal (Extension of Period of Stay)
- [Explained by a Legal Professional]Basics of Residence Cards