Prepare Disaster Mitigation Goods!
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Advance planning becomes very important in emergency situations. Let’s prepare emergency items and safety stocks.
Pack and place all immediately necessary things in one compact bag to take with you when evacuating.
- Prepare the minimum necessaries that you want to have with you when you evacuate to a safe location on the first day of the disaster.
- Prepare items to protect your head and feet when you evacuate.
- Where to keep these items? The entrance, the bedroom … any location allowing easy access. It’s also a good idea to keep a spare set in the car trunk.
Checklist (per person)
|Water (for drinking): 3 500ml bottles/day|
|Food (rice, ready-to-eat meal, biscuits, chocolates, hardtack, etc.)|
|Helmet, Protective hood|
|Rain Gear (umbrella, raincoat)|
|Spare batteries, battery charger|
|First aid kit (Band-Aids, bandages, antiseptic solution, Prescription medications, etc.)|
|Disposable pocket warmers|
|Toothbrush kit, mouthwash|
|Pens, memo pad|
|Cash with some extra coins|
|Articles of value (Bank passbooks, Cash, Passport, foreign residence card, driver’s license, etc.)|
|Powdered infant formula (single packets)|
It’s important to routinely stock the food and daily essentials needed to live at home in an emergency. Stockpile items that will tide you over for a few days in the event that lifelines are cut off and no help is forthcoming during a disaster.
- Place these items in cases that are easy to take out and carry, and keep these cases in your kitchen, closet, garage, storage room, etc.
- Keep a supply of at least 3 days of consumable items such as food and drinks.
- Devise a peace-of-mind giving set of items that will tide you over at your home during times of disaster when lifelines are cut off.
(Model family: A family of four—husband, wife, infant and elderly woman)
“Daily stockpiling” does not require special preparation. By buying a little extra food and essentials that you normally consume, you can create a stockpile of supplies that can also be used when a disaster occurs.
|Water (for drinking, cooking and other use): 12 2-liter bottless|
|Portable gas cooking stove: 1; canisters: 6|
|Medicine, non-prescription drugs: 1 box each|
Pre-washed rice: 5kg; heat-and-eat rice: 6; dried noodles: 1; instant noodles: 3
Canned food (e.g. miso-stewed mackerel, vegetables): 6 each
|Heat-and-eat food: 9|
|Canned food (fruit, etc.): 1|
|Vegetable juice: 9|
|Drinks: 6 500ml bottles|
|Cheese, “kamaboko” steamed fish paste, etc.: 1 pack each|
|Nutrition bars, etc.: 3 boxes; powdered health drink: 1 bag|
|Seasonings: 1 set|
|Large plastic bag, garbage bag: 30 each|
|Plastic wrap: 1|
|Tissue paper: 5 boxes|
|Toilet paper: 12 rolls|
|Disinfecting wet wipes: 1 box (about 100)|
|Disposable contact lenses: 1-month supply|
|Disposable body warmer: 10|
|Sanitary napkins: about 60|
|Powdered infant formula: about 20 single packets|
|Baby food: at least 1-week supply|
|Baby wipes: 1 pack|
|Diapers: about 70|
|Food for the elderly: at least 1week supply|
|Medicine (prescription drugs): 1month supply|
|Battery for hearing aid: 6|
|Denture cleaner: about 30|
|Diapers: about 70|
Supplies for a disaster:
|Emergency toilet: about 30 times worth|
|Hand-rechargeable or other type of radio|
|Spare battery for mobile phone: 3 (the number of mobile phones)|
|Latex gloves: 1 box (about 100)|
Based on the above list, prepare your own set of items that meet the needs of your household.