Katakana words, what do they mean? “Icons, remote controls, computers…”
This post is also available in 日本語
When you first start learning Japanese, you may be surprised to learn that there are so many different types of letters.
“Hiragana, katakana, and kanji” are used to write a language. Of course kanji is difficult, but katakana words are also very difficult and many Japanese make mistakes when they try to use them! “Icons, remote controls, computers” – do you know what these words are?
I’m Ted, and I teach at a Japanese language school in Shinjuku. I would like to talk about the meaning and structure of katakana words that you will need in your daily life in Japan.
What is katakana for and when was it created?
First of all, what is the purpose of katakana and when was it created?
In the old days, when monks read sutras, they used to write notes between sentences on how to read them. Since it was difficult to write complex kanji characters in the narrow space between the sentences, they began to write in characters using part of the kanji. It is said that by the beginning of the 10th century, these characters became katakana, which is neither kanji nor hiragana.
It was created from notes taken by monks and Since then, much of Japanese writing, including academic texts, official documents and newspapers, has been written in kanji and katakana. As time went on, from the Meiji era (1868-1912), more and more new foreign words were written in katakana when they were introduced into the Japanese language, and by the Taisho and Showa eras (1926-1989), almost no new foreign words were written in kanji. In the Taisho and Showa periods, the use of kanji to write new foreign words almost disappeared, and the current rule of katakana = foreign words was established.
Is it true that katakana = foreign words?
So, in the 21st century, is everything written in katakana a foreign word?
For example, business, program, and obje (French), which are katakana versions of foreign words, we can say that katakana = foreign words.
So, what about a word like the one in the picture (garbage)? Is foreign garbage the only garbage that can be thrown away in this trash can?
No, it’s not! You can throw away not only foreign garbage, but also Japanese garbage. By writing garbage in katakana instead of kanji or hiragana, it makes it stand out from the rest and draws people’s attention to it.
Japanese people are so accustomed to kanji and hiragana that they try to draw attention to it by writing it in katakana. Therefore, there is no problem in throwing both Japanese and foreign trash in the trash can!
“Icons, remote controls, computers…” （アイコン、リモコン、パソコン…）
The Japanese seem to be good at arranging new things and concepts to fit the Japanese image. Let’s take “アイコン(Icon),リモコン(Remo-con), パソコン(Paso-kon)” as an example to see what katakana words mean and how they are made.
- アイコン(Icon) is “icon”. This is written and used as icon, thinking that the English word icon is pronounced as icon. The first way to make it is to use katakana for all English words, like business above.
- リモコン(Remo-con) is “remote control” or “remote controller”. The word “remote control” is created by taking the “remo” from the English word “remote” and the “kon” from “control.
- パソコン(Paso-kon) means “personal computer”. Take “paso” from the English word personal and “kon” from computer, and you have the word personal computer. The second way to make a katakana word is to use part of an English word like these. The second way is to use a part of the English word to make a katakana word, such as “illustration” or “building.
Japanese words that use English but are incomprehensible as English, or are used outside of the original meaning of English, are called Wasei-English.(Japanese words)
Words like “フロント(reception),” “レンジ(microwave),” and “テイクアウト(to go),” which were created in Japan and have nothing to do with the original English, are also Japanese words. That’s the third way to make it.
As mentioned above, words in katakana are made up of complex origins.
However, in many cases, if you can look up the original word, you can understand the meaning. However, for words like “フロント(reception),” which have nothing to do with the original English word, I think it would be a good idea to consider the meaning based on the situation in which it is used.
This is also true for Japanese people, who think about the meaning of the situation and try to use it! This is what we do. Then, after making many mistakes, you will be able to use it.
Please try to use it as much as you can!
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